When the privacy regulations first went into effect, the Clinical Social Work Association conducted a series of regional trainings across the country to help practitioners understand what the regulations were and how they affected practice in each state.
In the five years since these regulations were enacted, many practitioners have joined the field and have little or no awareness of how HIPAA may or may not affect their practice. This allows employees the ability to continue their health care benefits when they are no longer employed. Title II, the "Administrative Simplification" provisions of HIPAA mandate a federal regulatory scheme governing the privacy, security, and electronic transfer of health care information.
It is Title II that we are concerned about in this article. In December the Department of Health and Human Services HHS issued the Privacy Standards establishing federally mandated policies regarding how health information can be used and disclosed, new individual rights, and new administrative requirements. The Security Standards went into effect April 20, They are based on electronic data interchange "EDI" standards, which allow electronic exchange of information from computer to computer without human involvement.
Code Set Standards to standardize what types of codes health care practitioners use when communicating with insurance companies. There is confusion about the difference between privacy standards and security standards as described by HIPAA.
Privacy standards are about who has the right to disclose and use protected health information and when they can do so. This standard applies to all protected health information PHI whether expressed orally, in writing on paper, or electronically transmitted. The security standards are not intended to address how paper information is stored. The Security Standards mandate safeguards for physical storage and maintenance, protection, and access to individual health information.
I have talked to several clinicians lately who are still not familiar with the HIPAA standards that went into effect in April, Clinicians who do not use insurance or send information electronically to billing services, feel the standards do not apply to them. Below are listed the areas of HIPAA standards that differ from standard practice that all mental health clinicians may want to consider:. Groshong, L. Individuals and organizations like health care practitioners, hospitals and insurance companies who engage in covered transactions are known as "covered entities.
HIPAA regulations directly affect only those who meet the definition of a covered entity.Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016- UPSC,IAS,SSC,CGL,PCS Exams
In general, clinicians or organizations who engage in electronic billing or who check eligibility for insurance coverage using a computer and web based system will fall within scope of the HIPAA standards. If you do not bill electronically or otherwise transmit health information in connection with one of the defined "covered transactions" under HIPAA, you are not covered by the regulations. A covered transaction is any computer-to-computer transmission of healthcare claims, payment and remittance, benefit information, or health plan eligibility information.
As a health care provider, if we submit any bills even for a single client electronically to insurers, or any other party directly or through a billing service, we are a covered entity. There are other electronic transactions besides billing and checking eligibility information online eight in total that initiate covered entity status.
Most of these are not common to individual practitioners.
In order to fully understand the Privacy Standards, we need to start with an understanding of protected health information, or PHI, as it is defined in the regulations. Generally stated, PHI is health information that is identifiable to a specific individual and that is maintained or transmitted by a covered entity in any form, whether oral, paper, or electronic.
A chart, a bill for services, or even a hallway conversation between two clinicians about an individual's care is a conversation involving PHI. Information is considered to be individually identifiable if it identifies the individual or if there is a reasonable basis to believe that the information can be used to identify the individual.
Thus, PHI includes demographic information such as name, address, and age. The Privacy Standards generally prohibit the use and disclosure of PHI without an individual's prior written authorization.The municipal authority or an operator of a facility needs to make an application in Form-I, for grant of authorization for setting up of waste processing and disposal facility including landfills, to the state Board.
So far as responsible authority to comply with the MSW Rules The Board had granted authorisation with validity of five years to local bodies which expired on In this year 43 local bodies have applied for the authorisation under MSW Rules The Board continuously monitors the progress and action initiated by local bodies. But response from Urban Local Bodies are poor. The Board also took up the issue with the District Collectors and The Director of Municipalities to expedite all urban bodies in implementing these rules.
The concept of common secured landfills is adopted in the State for treatment and disposal of the Municipal Solid Waste generated in the towns and cities. The Government of Gujarat has constituted a Nodal Agency, Gujarat Urban Development Company Ltd for development of infrastructure for treatment, transportation and disposal. With detailed study of the each and every municipalities, it is ultimately arrived on to provide treatment facilities i.
It is proposed to construct one common landfill site between seven or more towns. The land identified located at fairly equal distance from these towns. The GUDL has divided area of Gujarat in to four different regions and identified 24 clusters for Regional Landfill site for different local bodies located in Gujarat. In addition 7 Municipal Corporations are developing their individual landfill sites, Among them Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara has commissioned the landfills, Rajkot Municipal Corporation is developing the landfill, Jamnagar, Bhavnagar and Junagadh are in process to prepare DPR.
It is also emphasised by the Board to allow nearby towns, municipalities to dispose their non compostable municipal waste at the landfills of Municipal Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Details are as follows:. Print Add to Favorites Disclaimer Visitors : Download Rules document. The standards of practice apply to all applicants and those who are registered, certified or licensed.
The use of the term social worker within these standards of practice includes all applicants, and those who are registered, certified or licensed. Client Welfare. Within the context of the specific standards of practice prescribed herein, a social worker shall make reasonable efforts to advance the welfare and best interests of a client. Within the context of the specific standards of practice prescribed herein, a social worker shall respect a client's right to self-determination.
A social worker shall not discriminate against a client, colleague, student, or supervisee on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, race, color, national origin, religion, disability, political affiliation, or social or economic status. If the social worker is unable to offer services because of a concern about potential discrimination against a client, student, or supervisee, the social worker shall make an appropriate and timely referral. When a referral is not possible, the social worker shall obtain supervision or consultation to address the concern.
Professional Disclosure Statement. A social worker shall display at the social worker's primary place of practice or make available for all clients a statement that the client has the right to:.
Reasonable measures include restricting access to client information to appropriate agency or office staff whose duties require such access. Upon request, the social worker shall provide the name of the supervisor and the supervisor's contact information. Social workers should provide services and represent themselves as competent only within the boundaries of their education, training, credential, consultation received, supervised experience, or other relevant professional experience.
Social workers should provide services in substantive areas or use intervention techniques or approaches that are new to them only after engaging in appropriate study, training, consultation, and supervision from persons who are competent in those interventions or techniques.
When generally recognized standards do not exist with respect to an emerging area of practice, social workers should exercise careful judgment and take responsible steps including appropriate education, research, training, consultation, and supervision to ensure the competence of their work and to protect clients from harm.
Continued Competence. A social worker shall take all necessary and reasonable steps to maintain continued competence in the practice of social work. Limits on Practice. A social worker shall limit practice to the permissible scope of practice for the social worker's credential. A social worker shall make a prompt referral to other professionals when the services required are beyond the social worker's competence.
Such referrals are always based solely on the best interests of the client. A social worker shall not assign, oversee or supervise the performance of a task by another individual when the social worker knows that the other individual is not credentialed to perform the task or has not developed the competence to perform such a task.
Assessment or Diagnosis. A social worker shall base services on an assessment or diagnosis.Order Now. Weather Pollution News Maharashtra Elections.
Legal framework regulating Municipal Solid Waste Management in India
This story is from February 4, The district collector has also been asked to prepare a report on the compost plant and submit it to the tribunal during the next hearing. The municipal commissioner and the district collector should form a committee and come up with an action plan to be submitted during the hearing, the bench stated.
The action plan and report on solid waste management, site management, etc. They recommended the NMC to comply with the norms to curb serious health problems faced by the citizens. Thereafter, the court heard several PILs on the issue and disposed the case on February 17, on the basis of the compliance report filed by the MPCB.
However, the petitioner said the plant was still not operating as per norms and filed a civil application in the high court. On August 2,the HC directed the petitioner to file a case of contempt of court and issued directives to the respondents NMC and others. The court admitted the contempt petition in December Meanwhile, Dhemse had also filed an application in the NGT. On May 20,the case was attached to the NGT. Citizens living close to the compost plant objected to the foul smell, flies and mosquitoes that multiplied due to the compost plant and took their grievances to the NMC.
After getting no response from the civic body, they approached the court. On July 10,the NGT said since both the matters are to be heard together and the averment was that there was absolutely no appropriate compliance of the MSW Rules by the NMC, an MPCB officer of higher rank may be directed to visit the site of the composting plant and submit a report about the present status as well as measures taken by the corporation to deal with the problem.
Shinde, who was the regional officer at the MPCB headquarters then and dealt with the subject, was asked to personally visit the site and examine the issue along with the then regional officer A S Fulse. Dhemse was also allowed to accompany them during site inspection. Later, the collector was asked to inspect the site.
More from TOI These foods can clean your lungs naturally! Is Dalgona Coffee over-hyped? Navbharat Times.We've made some changes to EPA.
The EPA still intends to complete the reconsideration process granted by the Administrator. In AugustEPA issued two actions related to timing and implementation of the emission guidelines for existing MSW landfills. The other was a proposed federal plan in response to a court order for EPA to finalize a federal plan by November 6, That court order has since been stayed pending an appeal.
In MarchEPA issued a notice of finding of failure to submit state plans, identifying 42 states and territories that failed to submit for review and approval state plans to implement the EG for MSW Landfills.
This finding does not establish sanctions for states that have failed to submit state plans or set deadlines for imposing sanctions. If the tool does not work in one internet browser, please try a different one. View the supporting documents in the docket folder to find additional related documents to the new source performance standards. View the supporting documents in the docket folder to find additional related documents to the emission guidelines and compliance times.
The database is. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. Jump to main content. An official website of the United States government. Contact Us.India is the third largest producer of waste, specifically municipal solid waste MSWin the world withtons of waste per day. It has disproportionately high urban waste generation rates per capita because of lack of proper MSW management infrastructure.
This country has long been familiar with woes brought by MSW and its substandard disposal. The infamous flood in Mumbai was also caused due to drains being blocked by plastic bags its direct consequence being the introduction of Maharashtra Plastic Carry Bag Rules, . One could find many other incidents and phenomenon which can be linked with the incompetence of civic bodies in MSW management. But when it comes to waste management policy, we may as well as have been in Neolithic time. Certain rules like Hazardous Wastes Management and Handling Rules, and Biomedical Waste Management and handling Rules, dealt with the subject only tangentially.
Wrong document context!
This glaring overlook was compounded by the cash-strapped status and general indifference of the civic bodies towards maintaining a functional MSW disposal system. It was only after a writ petition, Almira Patel v. These rules finally provided a uniform framework for the local authorities around the country on MSW management.
Before the ruling in Almira Patelthere existed some judgments touching upon this matter. Wadhera v. Union of India and Ors. The authorities, responsible for pollution control and environment protection, have not been able to provide the clean and healthy environment to the residents of Delhi. In another case, Municipal Council, Ratlam vs. Indeed, a responsible Municipal Council constituted for precise purpose for preserving public health and providing better facilities cannot run away from its principal duty by pleading financial inability.
But Almira Patel case was the first one that extensively dealt with the subject at such a level. On submission of its report, the Government came up with the MSW rules. The Supreme Court in its judgment would rebuke various authorities for lack of initiative or inaction and give direction prohibiting accumulation of garbage or other polluted obnoxious matters, cleaning of public premises, ensuring proper and scientific disposal of waste, levying charges for littering etc.
It fixed certain responsibility for municipal authorities, State Governments, and UT Administrations as well as Central Pollution Control Board and the State Board or the Committees in infrastructure development, setting up landfills and other waste processing and disposal facilities, monitoring and ensuring eco-friendly compliance and submitting Annual Reports. While the and rules deal with MSW generally, the following rules cover specific categories of waste that overlap with MSW:.
These technical guidelines are given by CPCB and deal with various aspects of waste management:. Despite the existence of the better framework for MSW than in the s, as a walk in any non-posh areas of any city will show you, garbage disposal continues to be a problem. While the Rules set some lofty goals, the delay in implementing the Rules within the time-frame set by them means that they might prove to be a sequel to the Rules in terms of the state of implementation and the common man will continue to grapple with heaps of garbage.
The Rules do not provide for any complaint or grievance redressal system and a suffering party will have to approach the respective State Pollution Control Board or the NGT for deliverance.The Public Inspection page on FederalRegister.
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Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format. The EPA reviewed the landfills Emission Guidelines based on changes in the landfills industry since the Emission Guidelines were promulgated in The EPA's review of the Emission Guidelines for municipal solid waste MSW landfills considered landfills that accepted waste after November 8,and commenced construction, reconstruction, or modification on or before July 17, Based on this review, the EPA has determined that it is appropriate to revise the Emission Guidelines to reflect changes to the population of landfills and the results of an analysis of the timing and methods for reducing emissions.
This action will achieve additional reductions in emissions of landfill gas and its components, including methane, by lowering the emissions threshold at which a landfill must install controls. This action also incorporates new data and information received in response to an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking and a proposed rulemaking and addresses other regulatory issues including surface emissions monitoring, wellhead monitoring, and the definition of landfill gas treatment system. The revised Emission Guidelines, once implemented through revised state plans or a revised federal plan, will reduce emissions of landfill gas, which contains both nonmethane organic compounds and methane.
Landfills are a significant source of methane, which is a potent greenhouse gas pollutant. These avoided emissions will improve air quality and reduce the potential for public health and welfare effects associated with exposure to landfill gas emissions. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the regulations is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of October 28, Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.
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